Part 1: In which era are we living?

The past era and the state of ideological debates

Aatehistorian museo Manilassa,.
Written by Editors

No traditional ideology has tried to synthesise the world views born in the past era – let alone link it with the new, epoch-making scientific findings on human origins or differences between humans and animals.

The socialistic world order and the global communist movement came to a dead end and a total collapse at the end of the last century.

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Fifty years ago, none of the supporters of socialism could see this coming. Something happened that even those who now protest against “capitalism” and want to replace it with “socialism” [1] cannot explain. None of those who strive to overthrow “capitalism” have made attempts to form a synthesis that takes the indisputably viable characteristics of a capitalist economic system into consideration but neither has any opponent of socialism been able to explain, in scientific terms, the collapse of all forms of socialism.

 The “end of history” view was an ideological and political conclusion drawn by the supporters of western democracy: liberal democracy had won for good, and it no longer had any inherent threats.

This conclusion implied that there was nothing positive to gain from the defeated ideology.

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The past era should be assessed as a whole. This is the most important scientific basis for “seeing into the future”.

The fact that millions of people all over the world once were ready to sacrifice their lives for socialist and communist ideals was not explained, or if it was, it was an anti-intellectual narrative of omnipotent leaders combined with a racist-style image of ordinary people as an easily manipulated mob.

The threat of humanity’s self-destruction, reflected in the deepening crisis of democracy, recurrent financial crises, and climate catastrophes, has proven the concept of the “end of history” wrong.

Historical events of the last decades have shown all, even opposing ideologies, to be inadequate.

The ideologies inherited from the past era all rely, knowingly or unknowingly, on some kind of overall view concerning human history as a whole, which is why the recorded history should also be re-evaluated. As to prehistory, re-evaluation has become a necessity because of the new, epoch-making findings on human origins.

How do humans differ from animals? How does human society differ from flocks, herds or colonies of animals? What are the psychological reasons for wars? Is there something in common in the social development of prehistoric and historical times? When looking for answers to these questions, the basic views and concepts they are based on must be evaluated critically within every ideological current.

REFERENCES

[1] The terms socialism and capitalism are often used as if they were universally defined. However, this is not the case, and therefore we use quotation marks. Defining these terms will be one of the central topics in the discussion on the past era.

FEATURED IMAGE
Aatehistorian museo Manilassa,.

Museum of a History of Ideas in Manila, Philippines. PHOTO: Isaiah Crisanto, CC BY-SA 4.0.

OUR VIEW: Humanity first! Towards an ethical civilization.

PART 1. IN WHICH ERA ARE WE LIVING?

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